Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body, making up approximately 75%, and it is the substance that holds the whole body together.
Collagen is most commonly found in the skin, bones and connective tissue within the body, providing structural support, strength and a degree of elasticity (in combination with elastin). In particular, collagen can be found in the extracellular matrix - an intricate network of macromolecules that determine the physical properties of body tissues.
In the dermis - collagen helps form a fibrous network, upon which new cells can grow. Collagen is also required in the replacement and restoration of dead skin cells.
Collagen production naturally declines with age, reducing the structural integrity of the skin and leading to sagging skin, the formation of lines and wrinkles and the weakening of cartilage in joints.
Collagen is secreted by a variety of different cells, but primarily by connective tissue cells. While young, the body consistently produces collagen, but collagen synthesis begins to decline with age. As the fibroblasts cells responsible for producing collagen naturally decrease due to ageing, the visible signs of ageing become more prominent.
Marine Collagen derived from fish scale contains high amounts of amino acids and peptides involved in formation of collagen and elastin.